Universal Periodic Review
(The following is from the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights: http://www.ohchr.org/en/hrbodies/upr/pages/uprmain.aspx)
"The Universal Periodic Review has great potential to promote and protect human rights in the darkest corners of the world.” – Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General
The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed.
The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by 2011, will have reviewed the human rights records of every country. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the new Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this new mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur."
(The two videos below and the text from the next three paragraphs are from: http://www.ushrnetwork.org/content/publications/congressional-briefing-us-response-uns-universal-periodic-review-recommendation/)
"Last September, after a year-long, nationwide consultation process involving hundreds of non-governmental organizations and thousands of constituents around the country, the U.S. government submitted a comprehensive report on human rights in the U.S. to the UN Human Rights Council. The Council reviewed the U.S. in November, and on March 18, 2010, the Administration responded to the recommendations made at that review on issues ranging from homelessness and workers' rights to racial profiling and immigration.
On March 31, 2010, domestic human rights experts gave a Congressional Briefing sponsored by Sen. Richard Durbin, chair of the Constitution, Civil Rights and Human Rights Subcommittee. They covered the report and recommendations, our government's responses and the role of Congress in ensuring human rights are enjoyed to the fullest here at home.
The following videos taken at the event include remarks from from Wade Henderson, President & CEO of theLeadership Conference for Civil and Human Rights, and Joseph Zogby, Chief Counsel to the Senate Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights, and Human Rights."